Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope a long, flexible tube with a camera to see the lining of your upper GI tract. A gastroenterologist, surgeon, or other trained health care provider performs the procedure, most often while you receive light sedation. Your doctor may also call the procedure an EGD or esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

Why do doctors use upper GI endoscopy?

Upper GI endoscopy can help find the cause of unexplained symptoms, such as

  • Persistent Heartburn
  • Bleeding
  • Nausea & Vomiting
  • Pain
  • Problems Swallowing
  • Unexplained Weight Loss

Upper GI endoscopy can also find the cause of abnormal lab tests, such as

  • Anemia
  • Nutritional Deficiencies

Upper GI endoscopy can identify many different diseases

  • Anemia
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Ulcers Cancer
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  • Inflammation or Swelling
  • Precancerous Abnormalities
  • Celiac Disease

During upper GI endoscopy, a doctor obtains biopsies by passing an instrument through the endoscope to obtain a small piece of tissue. Biopsies are needed to diagnose conditions such as

  • Cancer
  • Celiac Disease
  • Gastritis

Dr. Manish Gandhi also use upper GI endoscopy to treat conditions such as bleeding ulcers dilate strictures with a small balloon passed through the endoscope
remove objects, including food, that may be stuck in the upper GI tract.

How does Dr. Manish Gandhi perform an upper GI endoscopy?

Dr. Manish Gandhi performs an upper GI endoscopy in a hospital or an outpatient center. An intravenous (IV) needle will be placed in your arm to provide a sedative. Sedatives help you stay relaxed and comfortable during the procedure. In some cases, the procedure can be performed without sedation. You will be given a liquid anesthetic to gargle or spray anesthetic on the back of your throat. The anesthetic numbs your throat and calms the gag reflex. The health care staff will monitor your vital signsExternal NIH Link and keep you as comfortable as possible.

You’ll be asked to lie on your side on an exam table. The doctor will carefully feed the endoscope down your esophagus and into your stomach and duodenum. A small camera mounted on the endoscope will send a video image to a monitor, allowing close examination of the lining of your upper GI tract. The endoscope pumps air into your stomach and duodenum, making them easier to see.

During the upper GI endoscopy, the doctor may perform a biopsy of tissue in your upper GI tract. You won’t feel the biopsy stop any bleeding perform other specialized procedures, such as dilating strictures. The procedure most often takes between 15 and 30 minutes. The endoscope does not interfere with your breathing, and many people fall asleep during the procedure.